Famous Faces in Education
Dame Anne Salmond.
Born in Wellington in 1945, Anne Salmond moved to Gisborne with her family at the age of six. She was educated in Gisborne and Solway College in Masterton, where she gained an AFS Scholarship to America. After delivering speeches to clubs and organisations in the United States of America, Anne realised her ignorance of things Maori and resolved to remedy this on her return to New Zealand.
The following year, in 1964, she embarked on Anthropology and Maori Studies at Auckland University and joined the university's Maori Club. After graduating with an MA she worked on a Polynesian outlyer in Melanesia, followed by study in America on a Fullbright Scholarship.
Upon her return to New Zealand she married architect Jeremy Salmond and resumed lecturing in the Department of Anthropology and Maori Studies at Auckland University. She has taught at universities ever since, largely at Auckland but also in America, when working towards a PhD there and at Cambridge in England.
Anne has written many academic papers and books. Her close collaboration with Eruera and Amiria Stirling, noted elders of Te Whanau-a-Apanui and Ngati Porou, led to three books. The first, Hui: A Study of Maori Ceremonial Gatherings won the Elsdon Best Memorial Gold Medal and the next two, Amiria and Eruera: Teachings of a Maori Elder, both won Wattie Book of the Year awards.
A maori work, Two Worlds: First Meetings Between Maori and Europeans 1642-1772, published in 1991, also won important awards. Its sequel, Between Worlds: Early Exchanges Between Maori and Europeans 1773-1815 was again an award winner.
In 1988 Anne Salmond received the CBE for services to literature and the Maori people. In 1990 she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand and in 1995 she became a Dame Commander of the British Empire for services to New Zealand history.
Dame Anne has served on a variety of national boards including Te Papa Tongarewa Museum of New Zealand and more recently, the New Zeland Historic Places Trust.
Jeremy and Anne Salmond live in Auckland and have three children. Dame Anne is writing a book about the impact of Polynesia on Captain Cook. At the university she is Distinguished Professor in Social Anthropology and Maori Studies and Pro-Vice Chancellor (Equal Opportunity).
Bishop William L Williams.
The eldest son of Bishop Williams Williams, William Leonard Williams (Mita Renata) was born at Paihia in July 1829. He was educated at Paihia, Te Waimate and Poverty Bay. In 1847 he went to England to study theology.
He graduated form Oxford University in 1852 and was admitted to deacon’s orders in 1853. He married Sarah Wanklyn in the same year and they set sail for New Zealand. The Church Missionary Society in London had commissioned Williams to undertake the systematic training of Maori clerics. From February 1854 he was based with his father at Whakato near Turanga (later Gisborne).
The campus outgrew the available land at Whakato, necessitating a move to Waerenga-a-Hika in 1857. In 1862 Williams became Archdeacon of Waiapu, a diocese covering the Bay of Plenty through to Taupo, the East Coast, Poverty Bay and Hawke’s Bay.
Disenchantment with Christianity and with the Government resulted in most local Maori embracing ther Pai Marire faith from about 1865. In 1865 Williams moved his family into Waikahua cottage which he had built on Kaiti Hill above the Turanganui River. Settlers sought shelter from Maori raids in the relative safety of Turanga where there was a redoubt and a pa; Williams found himself the ‘father of a huge family’, pakeha and Maori. He continued to work for improved Maori education throughout the 1870s. He founded Te Rau College for Moari theological students in 1885, basing it by his family home, Te Rau Kahikatea (still standing in Gisborne).
Williams was consecrated Bishop of Waiapu in 1895 and travelled indefatigably over the rough tracks of his huge diocese. He received an honorary degree from Oxford University in 1897 and he retired as Bishop in 1909. He continued with his father’s intensive study of the Maori language, publishing books and papers on it. He also specialised in collecting botanical specimens. He contributed articles on a wide range of subjects to several academic publications.
William Leonard Williams moved to Napier and died there in 1916. His wife had died in 1894. There were ten children from their marriage. At the time of his death he was regraded as probably the most eminent Maori scholar of his generation.
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